Kidney Cancer

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Treatment for Kidney Cancer in Metro Atlanta

Kidney cancer, also known as renal cell carcinoma, is when abnormal cells in the kidney start to grow uncontrollably.

Kidney Cancer Diagram.

Symptoms

Kidney cancer symptoms might not show in the early stages, but as the disease progresses, common signs may include:

  • Blood in the Urine (Hematuria): This can make the urine appear pink, red, or cola-colored.
  • Back Pain: Persistent pain in the lower back, just below the ribs, on one side.
  • A Lump or Mass: A palpable lump or swelling in the side or abdomen.
  • Fatigue: Feeling excessively tired.
  • Unexplained Weight Loss: Significant and unexplained weight loss.
  • Intermittent Fevers: Not associated with any other illness.

Diagnostic Tests

  • Imaging Tests: CT scans, MRIs, and ultrasounds are common imaging tests used to visualize the kidney and identify any abnormalities or tumors.
  • Blood and Urine Tests: These can detect substances that might indicate the presence of kidney cancer, such as elevated levels of certain proteins or blood in the urine.
  • Biopsy: A sample of kidney tissue is examined under a microscope to confirm the presence of cancer cells.

Staging

Kidney cancer staging is typically categorized as follows:

  • Stage I: The cancer is small and limited to the kidney.
  • Stage II: The tumor is larger but still confined to the kidney.
  • Stage III: The cancer has spread beyond the kidney to nearby lymph nodes or other structures.
  • Stage IV: The cancer has spread to distant organs like the lungs, bones, or brain.

Treatment Options

  • Surgery: The primary treatment for kidney cancer, especially in the early stages. Surgeons may perform a partial nephrectomy (removing part of the kidney) or a radical nephrectomy (removing the entire kidney). Dr. Bhalani specializes in minimally invasive techniques including advanced training in DaVinci Robotic surgery.
  • Targeted Therapy: Medications that target specific vulnerabilities within cancer cells to halt their growth or prevent further spread.
  • Immunotherapy: These drugs stimulate the body’s immune system to recognize and attack cancer cells.
  • Radiation Therapy: Using high-energy beams to destroy cancer cells or prevent their growth.
  • Chemotherapy: While not typically the first line of treatment for kidney cancer, it might be used in certain cases, especially if the cancer has spread.

The choice of treatment depends on factors like the stage of the cancer, the overall health of the patient, and the specific characteristics of the cancer cells. Regular follow-ups and discussions with healthcare providers are crucial in determining the most effective approach. Call our office to schedule an appointment at (678) 321-7227.

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Our office is easily accessible via GA 400 and Hwy 20.

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