Prostate Cancer

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Treatment for Prostate Cancer in Metro Atlanta

Prostate cancer is a type of cancer that affects the prostate gland, which is a small organ in a man’s reproductive system. The prostate gland’s main job is to produce fluid that nourishes and helps transport sperm.

Symptoms

Prostate cancer may not show any symptoms in its early stages. However, as it progresses, some common symptoms can include:

  • Frequent urination: You might need to urinate more often, especially at night.
  • Difficulty starting or stopping urination: You may have trouble beginning to urinate or stopping once you’ve started.
  • Weak or interrupted urine flow: Your urine stream might be weaker or not as steady as before.
  • Blood in urine or semen: You may notice blood in your urine or semen.
  • Pain or discomfort: Some men experience pain in the back, hips, or pelvis.

It’s important to note that these symptoms can also be caused by non-cancerous conditions, so having these symptoms doesn’t necessarily mean you have prostate cancer.

Diagnostic Tests

To diagnose prostate cancer, doctors use different tests:

  • Digital Rectal Exam (DRE): The doctor inserts a gloved finger into the rectum to feel the prostate for any lumps or abnormalities.
  • Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) Test: This is a blood test that measures the level of PSA in your blood. Elevated PSA levels can indicate a potential problem with the prostate, but it doesn’t definitively diagnose cancer. Other conditions can also cause higher PSA levels.
  • Biopsy: If your PSA levels are high or if there are abnormalities found during a DRE, a biopsy may be performed. This involves taking small tissue samples from the prostate gland, which are then examined under a microscope to determine if cancer is present.

Treatment Options

Prostate cancer diagram.

The treatment for prostate cancer depends on its stage and how aggressive it is. Here are some common treatment options:

  • Active Surveillance: In cases of slow-growing, low-risk prostate cancer, your doctor may recommend closely monitoring the cancer but not actively treating it unless it becomes more aggressive.
  • Surgery: Prostatectomy is a surgical procedure to remove the prostate gland. This can be done using traditional surgery or minimally invasive methods like laparoscopy or robotic-assisted surgery. Dr. Bhalani specializes in minimally invasive techniques including advanced training in DaVinci Robotic surgery.
  • Radiation Therapy: High-energy rays are used to target and kill cancer cells. This can be done externally (external beam radiation) or by placing radioactive seeds directly into the prostate (brachytherapy).
  • Hormone Therapy: Prostate cancer often relies on male hormones like testosterone to grow. Hormone therapy aims to lower these hormone levels or block their effects, slowing down cancer growth.
  • Chemotherapy: This treatment uses drugs to kill cancer cells. It’s typically used when cancer has spread to other parts of the body.
  • Immunotherapy: This treatment uses the body’s immune system to fight cancer cells.

The choice of treatment depends on various factors, including the stage of cancer, your overall health, and your preferences. It’s important to discuss your options with your healthcare team to make an informed decision about the best treatment plan for you. Early detection and treatment can significantly improve the chances of a successful outcome in prostate cancer cases. Call our office to schedule a consultation at (678) 321-7227.

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Our office is easily accessible via GA 400 and Hwy 20.

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