Testicular Cancer

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Treatment for Testicular Cancer in Metro Atlanta

Testicular cancer is a type of cancer that starts in the testicles, which are the male reproductive glands responsible for producing sperm and testosterone. Here’s a simple explanation of testicular cancer, including its symptoms, diagnostic tests, and treatment options:

Symptoms

  • Lump or Swelling: One of the most common signs is a painless lump or swelling in one of the testicles. It might feel like a small, hard bump.
  • Pain or Discomfort: Some men may experience a dull ache or discomfort in the testicle or the scrotum (the sac that holds the testicles).
  • Heaviness: A feeling of heaviness in the scrotum can also be a symptom.
  • Change in Size or Shape: Sometimes, the testicle may change in size or shape.
  • Pain in the Lower Abdomen or Groin: In advanced cases, pain in the lower abdomen or groin can occur.

Diagnostic Tests

If you notice any of these symptoms, it’s essential to see a doctor. They may perform the following diagnostic tests:

  • Physical Examination: The doctor will examine your testicles and may feel for any lumps or abnormalities.
  • Ultrasound: This painless test uses sound waves to create an image of the testicles, helping to identify any abnormalities.
  • Blood Tests: Blood tests can measure specific markers that may be elevated in testicular cancer, such as alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) and human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG).

Treatment Options

The treatment for testicular cancer depends on the type and stage of cancer, but common options include:

  • Surgery: The most common treatment is the surgical removal of the affected testicle, called an orchiectomy. This is often curative for early-stage cancer.
  • Chemotherapy: In some cases, especially if the cancer has spread beyond the testicle, chemotherapy may be recommended to kill cancer cells.
  • Radiation Therapy: This uses high-energy rays to target and kill cancer cells. It’s less common but may be used in certain situations.
  • Surveillance: For very early-stage and slow-growing cancers, doctors may choose to closely monitor the patient without immediate treatment, as not all cases require aggressive intervention.
  • Additional Surgery: In some cases, surgery may be needed to remove lymph nodes or other affected tissues if the cancer has spread.

The good news is that testicular cancer is highly treatable, especially when detected early. Many men go on to live healthy lives after treatment, and the removal of one testicle usually doesn’t affect fertility or sexual function. Regular self-exams and check-ups with a doctor can help with early detection and improve the chances of successful treatment. Call our office to schedule a consultation at (678) 321-7227.

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Our office is easily accessible via GA 400 and Hwy 20.

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