Vaginal Atrophy

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Vaginal Atrophy Treatment in Metro Atlanta

Vaginal atrophy, also known as atrophic vaginitis or genitourinary syndrome of menopause (GSM), is a condition that affects women, typically during and after menopause. It occurs due to a decrease in estrogen levels, which leads to thinning, drying, and inflammation of the vaginal walls.

Symptoms

Vaginal atrophy can cause various symptoms, including:

  • Vaginal dryness: Women with vaginal atrophy often experience a lack of natural lubrication, resulting in dryness and discomfort during sexual intercourse. This can lead to pain and potential injury.
  • Vaginal itching and burning: The thinning of the vaginal tissues can cause irritation, itching, and a burning sensation in the vaginal area.
  • Urinary symptoms: Vaginal atrophy can also affect the urinary tract, leading to symptoms such as increased urinary frequency, urgency, and recurrent urinary tract infections. Some women may also experience urinary incontinence.
  • Vaginal discomfort: Women with vaginal atrophy may experience general discomfort or soreness in the vaginal area, even when not engaging in sexual activity.

The condition primarily affects postmenopausal women due to the decline in estrogen levels. However, it can also occur in women who have undergone surgical removal of the ovaries or received certain cancer treatments, such as chemotherapy or radiation therapy.

Treatments

Treatment options for vaginal atrophy include:

  • Moisturizers: Non-hormonal vaginal moisturizers are applied regularly to the vaginal area to relieve dryness and maintain moisture. They can be used long-term to provide ongoing relief.
  • Lubricants: Water-based or silicone-based lubricants can be used during sexual activity to reduce friction and improve comfort. These provide temporary relief and are not absorbed into the body.
  • Estrogen therapy: Topical estrogen creams, tablets, or rings containing low doses of estrogen can be used to directly deliver hormones to the vaginal tissues. This helps restore the thickness and elasticity of the vaginal walls. It is generally considered safe for most women, but individual circumstances and medical history should be considered.  Download more information about Topical Estrogen.
  • Systemic hormone therapy: For women experiencing multiple menopausal symptoms, systemic hormone therapy, which involves estrogen and sometimes progesterone, may be prescribed. However, this option carries potential risks and should be discussed with a healthcare provider.
  • Ospemifene: This selective estrogen receptor modulator (SERM) is an oral medication approved for the treatment of moderate to severe vaginal dryness and pain during intercourse. It helps increase vaginal lubrication and reduce discomfort.

It’s important to consult with a healthcare provider who can evaluate your specific situation and recommend the most suitable treatment option for you. They can take into account your medical history, current medications, and individual needs to provide personalized care. Call our office to schedule an appointment at (678) 321-7227.

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